Oromia: Home of Gadaa
Oromo people and the Oromo Country
The Oromo are indigenous African people inhabiting the North Eastern part of Africa. They make up a significant portion of the population occupying the Horn of Africa. In the Ethiopian Empire alone, Oromo constitute about ~50% inhabitants of the Ethiopian Empire. The Oromo are descendants of the Eastern-Cushitic group of people indigenous to the Horn of Africa, with a population of over 40 million, which makes them one of the largest indigenous peoples of East Africa. Their country is called Oromia also phonetically spelled as Oromiyaa, which is currently under the domination of the Ethiopian colonial Empire.
Area: 600,000 sq.km approx. eight times larger than Republic of Ireland
Capital: Finfinnee (also called Addis Ababa)
Language: Oromo, also called Afaan Oromoo
Economy: Mainly agriculture (coffee, several crops, spices, vegetables) and animal husbandry; mining industry; tourism trade; medium and small-scale industries (textiles, refineries, meat packaging, etc)
Religions: Waaqeffataa (the traditional belief in Waaqaa or God), Islam, and Christian (Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant)
The Oromo nation, as one of the most numerous nations in Africa, enjoys homogeneous culture and shares a common language, history and descent, and once shared common political, religious and legal institutions. During their long history, the Oromo developed their own cultural, social and political system known as the Gadaa system. It was a uniquely democratic political and social institution that governed the life of every individual in the society from birth to death.
Ecologically and agriculturally, Oromia (Oromo country) is the richest region in the Horn of Africa. Livestock products, coffee, oil seeds, spices, mineral resources and wild life are all diverse and abundant. In spite of all these advantages, a century of colonization by Abyssinia (Ethiopia), a backward nation itself, has meant that the Oromo people have endured a stagnant existence where ignorance and famine have been coupled with ruthless oppression, subjugation, exploitation and above all, extermination. Thus, for the last one hundred years under the Ethiopian rule, the Oromo have gained very little, if anything, in the way of political, social and economic progress.
The Oromo nation has a single common mother tongue and basic common culture. The Oromo language, Afaan Oromoo or Oromiffaa, belongs to the eastern Cushitic group of languages and is the most extensive of the forty or so Cushitic languages.
For more details about Gadaa System see the page “GADAA”